The thyroid disease is a hormone gland. It is in front of the throat. The main function of the thyroid is to make hormones in the body. In addition, the thyroid helps in the formation of various organs in the body. If thyroid hormone is produced less than the body needs, it is called hypo-thyroid and if it is more, it is called hyperthyroid disease. Currently, there are many patients with thyroid problems in the world.
Many of us know the name of this disease or see infected patients in the vicinity or even if we are infected, many of us do not know much about this disease. Symptoms of thyroid disease are widespread in the human body. Remember that solving thyroid problems is quite complex and expensive.
This disease is not like other common diseases. Because its symptoms appear very slowly. But the results are much more harmful. And because the disease manifests itself so slowly, most patients are unaware that they are carrying the disease. In developed countries like America, there are 26 million thyroid patients and more than 50 percent of them do not know that they have this disease. Since the consequences are very serious in some cases, so let’s find out how to understand if we are at risk. So it is better to be treated at an early stage. Today we will learn about the symptoms of thyroid disease and ways to cure it.
What are the symptoms of thyroid disease and what are the causes of thyroid?
In the beginning, we need to know that there are five major diseases of the thyroid. I will discuss the diseases with symptoms in my periodic way.
The result of hypothyroidism is that the thyroid gland produces insufficient amounts of thyroid hormone. It can develop from problems in the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, or hypothalamus. Hypothyroidism is more likely to occur if the thyroid gland produces fewer hormones than it needs. However, many times it does not show eye-catching symptoms, so many people do not realize that they have hypothyroidism. Which is known as hyperthyroidism.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism may include:
-Feeling of poor concentration or mentally “foggy”
-Muscle and joint pain
-Women have prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding
Hyperthyroidism describes an overproduction of thyroid hormone which is a less common condition than hypothyroidism. Symptoms of hypothyroidism are usually associated with increased metabolism. In mild cases, the apparent symptoms may not be present. Hormone secretion is accomplished through the combined efforts of the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and thyroid gland. Now if anyone or more of these 3 glands work more than required then the result is more hormone production than required. And that’s when the dam problem. This is known as hyperthyroidism.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism may include:
-Fast heart rate
-Intolerance to heat
-Increased bowel movements
-Involuntary weight loss
Goiter simply describes the expansion of the thyroid gland for no reason. Goiter is not a specific disease. Goiter can be associated with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or normal thyroid function. When there is a lack of iodine, the gland cannot make hormones properly. Yet it tries to make the necessary hormones for the body. This disease is a big proof of what happens when the thyroid hormone is increased. As a result, it grows on its own to keep the body’s hormone levels normal. And at some point, it can no longer produce the normal levels of hormones. As a result, the amount of hormones is less than required. And as a result, the person develops hypothyroidism. This is why children or people who suffer from iodine deficiency are more likely to get this disease. However, the current prevalence of this disease has been greatly reduced as a result of iodine intake with salt.
4. Thyroid nodules:
Nodules Glandular or abnormal masses in the thyroid. Nodules can be caused by benign cysts, benign tumors, or less commonly seen thyroid cancer. Nodules can be single or multiple and can vary in size. If the nodules are too large, they can cause symptoms related to the contraction of nearby structures. In this case, the number of these tumors may be one or more. And can be of different sizes. However, tumors do not cause cancer in all cases. However, if the condition worsens and no treatment is taken, it can lead to cancer. Which is called thyroid cancer.
5. Thyroid cancer:
Thyroid cancer is much more common in adult women than in men or young people. In about 2/3 of the cases in less than 55% of adults, there are different types of thyroid cancer depending on the type of cell in the thyroid that has turned into cancer. This disease can also be due to medical reasons. If the thyroid gland is removed due to surgery or other reasons can lead to thyroid cancer. Most cases of thyroid cancer have a good prognosis and a high survival rate, especially if caught early.
Symptoms of thyroid cancer may include:
- Swelling in the front of the throat, the swollen part is quite stiff.
There may be one or more tumors, tumors on both sides, and swelling of the surrounding lymph nodes.
In some cases, there may be pain and the area may be red. This can cause bleeding inside.
Weight loss, loss of appetite, and difficulty eating or swallowing anything.
May cause coughing, itching in the throat.
The tone of voice may change. The tone of voice may be thick or puffy.
Remedy for thyroid disease:
Thyroid cancer is a disease that can be cured in 95% of cases if treated in time. Swelling in the front of the throat should be seen by a doctor as soon as possible. He will test and see what kind of disease it is. If the cancer is detected or suspected to be cancerous, you should see a nose, ear, and throat specialist or a surgeon who specializes in throat surgery. The patient is advised to perform FT3, FP4, TSH, thyroid gland ultrasonogram, FNAC, and thyroid biopsy for a complete evaluation.
In some cases, a thyroid scan may be needed. If there is too much radioiodine in a certain area after a thyroid scan, it is called a hot nodule. If radioiodine accumulates less than other normal areas, it is a cold nodule. These cold nodules have a higher risk of cancer. The best treatment for thyroid cancer is surgery. The size of the thyroid gland will depend on the type of infection. Many times the whole thyroid gland may need to be cut off.
This is called a total thyroidectomy. Radiotherapy or sometimes radiotherapy may be needed to remove any cancer cells after the operation. Then some patients may need to take thyroid hormone for life. It is also often treated with levothyroxine. Many times the hormone TSH acts as a stimulant in nodule or tumor growth. So if you can reduce the amount of this hormone, the size of the tumor or cancer gradually becomes smaller.
In conclusion, the disease is much more complex. So it is important to know the symptoms of thyroid disease. It is good to remember that thyroid surgery has to be done with a lot of caution. It is better to smuggle weapons with those who are the oldest and most experienced in this regard.