Dengue is one of the deadliest mosquito-borne diseases. In recent years, the disease has claimed countless lives. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during July to October. This is because Aedes mosquitoes spread during this time. During this time we see a lot of people being infected with the disease and being hospitalized every day. The Dengue Fever Symptoms and its Cure are discus in this post.
It also happens that due to a large number of dengue patients, it is not always possible to give proper treatment to everyone. Naturally, people are terrified of dengue fever. Since the disease has a higher mortality rate than other mosquito-borne diseases and is more expensive and complex to treat, dengue is one of the ways to prevent it. So first of all we need to know what is dengue and finally, we will know the way to prevent this disease.
What is dengue?
Let’s know about dengue. It is a viral disease. The disease is usually transmitted to humans by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. When a mosquito bites a human, the virus enters the human body from the mosquito. When the virus takes on a deadly shape, the disease turns into a deadly dengue hemorrhagic fever. Then the amount of platelets or blood cells in the body decreases at an alarming rate. In that case, platelets or blood cells are separated from the blood and given to the diseased body.
Symptoms of dengue:
“The initial symptoms of dengue fever are similar to those of normal fever, but when the disease becomes severe, other symptoms appear. This fever can be low in many cases and high again. It is seen that the fever gets better after three or four days. ”He clearly told us these symptoms from which we can know whether a patient is infected with dengue or not.
The following are the symptoms:
The most important symptom of this disease is a low platelet count. So at the beginning of the blood test to know the number of platelets or blood cells in the patient’s body.
• In dengue, the patient has a high fever and goes away again. Body temperature can suddenly rise to 104 degrees -106 degrees. With a short break, the patient comes back with a fever. This fever will be accompanied by severe headaches, body aches, and pain in the back of the eyes. Fever usually occurs after two or three days of rash or rash on different parts of the body.
If the fever goes to a critical stage, the gums may bleed. Even a dengue patient can vomit blood. There may be blood or black or reddish black stools with the stool. Water may seep into the surface of the stomach. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is very deadly. It can also cause bleeding in the brain.
Anorexia, nausea may occur. The patient’s eyes may be red and the skin may also be red. Since dehydration is high in this fever, the amount of urine may decrease. There is a risk of kidney failure. May be sweating. Almost all the symptoms of other viral fevers can be seen in this dengue fever.
• The patient may have convulsions. Blood pulse may be reduced and in many cases, the patient may lose consciousness.
How to cure dengue?
In general, dengue can be cured in two ways- 1) treatment, 2) prevention. We will discuss these two ways periodically.
“If you have a fever, you have to rest. I advise you to refrain from running around with a fever. In fact, there is no specific treatment for dengue. The disease is treated according to the symptoms. ”He added that most dengue fevers go away in seven days, but in most cases, the disease does not go to a severe stage. Repeated watering of the head also works well in dengue-like other fevers.
Paracetamol can also be taken to reduce fever. Depending on the symptoms, a specialist doctor will determine what other medications to take. However, aspirin or diclofenac should not be given as painkillers. This can lead to increased bleeding and death of the patient. Hemorrhagic fever is very serious and can lead to death. However, it is hoped that dengue will reach this level in very few cases. Therefore, if it happens that the patient has a fever and is bleeding, he should be admitted to the hospital immediately for special treatment. In this case, care should be taken that the patient should not be cut anywhere, because this disease does not cause blood clots in the body. So cutting can cause severe bleeding. In this case, the patient has to do intravenous saline, if necessary blood platelet transfusion.
Patients with dengue fever should always be under mosquito nets. Because if an Aedes mosquito bites these patients, that mosquito will also become a carrier of dengue virus, and then if the mosquito bites a healthy person, the healthy person will also get dengue.
The first thing to do is to keep the house clean. Make sure that water does not freeze anywhere. Because stagnant water is the only way to breed Aedes mosquitoes. So vases, coconut shells, discarded tires, etc. should be removed. Used items such as open water tanks, flower tubs, etc. should be arranged so that water does not accumulate. Aedes mosquitoes usually bite in the morning and evening. But it can also bite at other times. So you have to put a net on the door and window around the house during the day. If you sleep during the day, you should sleep with a mosquito net or a coil. The main weapon against dengue fever is to prevent the spread of Aedes mosquitoes and to prevent them from biting. Shrubs, jungles, water bodies, etc. around the house should be kept clean and tidy. Mosquito repellent should be sprayed in these places.
What to eat in case of dengue fever?
“Dengue patients need to be given more liquid food. You must drink at least two and a half liters to three liters of water a day. Liquid food is very useful for dengue patients. So the more saline and coconut water as a liquid food, the better. ”He added,“ It will be very beneficial to crush different types of vegetables and eat them with juice. There should be a good amount of meat in the diet. Milk, eggs, and various foods made from them, fish, and chicken should be eaten. However, these foods can not be spiced with extra oil. There are many types of herbal foods. For example, papaya leaves help to increase microbes and are beneficial in dengue. So you can eat papaya leaf juice every day. ”
Dengue can be avoided with a little caution. It is important to seek medical advice as soon as symptoms of dengue appear.